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Leon L. Shaw, Ph.D.

Leon L. Shaw
Rowe Family Professor of Materials Science and Engineering


E1 205







Ph.D. in Materials Science and Engineering, and Minor in Mechanics and Engineering Science, University of Florida, USA, 1992
M.S. in Materials Science and Engineering, University of Florida, USA, 1992
M. Eng. in Mechanical Engineering, Fuzhou University, China, 1987
B.S. in Materials Engineering, Fuzhou University, China, 1980


The research activities in Shaw’s group focus on synthesis and processing of advanced materials for energy, biomedical, and structural applications. Several projects are taking place concurrently, which include:

  • investigation of novel hydrogen storage materials for fuel cell vehicles,
  • synthesis and fabrication of novel electrode chemistry and architecture for electrochemical capacitors, Li-ion and Na-ion batteries,
  • solid freeform fabrication of novel solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) with graded composition and microstructure,
  • fabrication and characterization of functionally graded Ti/hydroxyapatite materials for orthopedic implant applications,
  • integrated mechanical and thermal activation (IMTA) processing of nanostructured WC/Co, SiC and Si3N4 with superior mechanical properties.

The superior properties of the aforementioned materials are achieved through new chemical compositions, novel processing techniques, and innovative microstructure control. High energy ball milling, wet chemical synthesis (e.g. co-precipitation and sol-gel processing), sintering, solid freeform fabrication, and integrated mechanical and thermal activation are just several examples of the processing techniques that we have studied in order to attain novel properties for energy, biomedical, and structural applications.


NSF Highlights: “Next Generation Bone Implants: More Like the Real Thing” for the NSF Project: Functionally Graded Orthopedic Implants via the Slurry Mixing and Dispensing Process, 2011

The John & Virginia Towers Distinguished Lecture, Michigan Technological University, 2010

Member, the Connecticut Academy of Science and Engineering (CASE), 2006

“Highly Commended Paper for Excellence 2006” by Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2006

Outstanding Faculty Member of the Chemical, Materials and Biomolecular Engineering Department, UConn, 2006

Fellow, the World Academy of Materials and Manufacturing Engineering (AMME), Poland, 2005

Fellow, ASM International, 2004

Professional Society Memberships 


“Materials Processing Challenges for the Aerospace Industry,” L. Shaw, S. Lee Semiatin, Raymond F. Mignogna, Jitendra P. Singh, and Y.V. Murty (Eds.), TMS, Warrendale, PA, September 2006.

“Science and Technology of Powder Materials: Synthesis, Consolidation and Properties,” L. Shaw, E. A. Olevsky, F. D. S. Marquis, I. Anderson, J. P. Singh, and M. G. McKimpson (Eds.), TMS, Warrendale, PA, September 2005.

“Processing and Properties of Structural Nanomaterials,” L. Shaw, C. Suryanarayana and R. Mishra (Eds.), TMS, Warrendale, PA, November 2003.

D. Lin, Q. Wang, K. Peng, and L. Shaw, “Phase Formation and Properties of Composite Electrolyte BCY-GDC for Intermediate Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells,” J. Power Sources, 205, 100-107 (2012).

X. Wan and L. Shaw, “Novel Dehydrogenation Properties Derived from Nanoscale LiBH4,” Acta Mater., 59, 4606-4615 (2011).

L. Shaw, X. Wan, J. Z. Hu, J. H. Kwak, and Z. Yang, “The Solid-State Hydriding Mechanism in the LiBH4 + MgH2 System,” J. Phys. Chem. C, 114, 8089–8098 (2010).

L. Shaw, J.-W. Tian, A. L. Ortiz, K. Dai, J. C. Villegas, P. K. Liaw, R. Ren, D. L. Klarstrom, “A Direct Comparison in the Fatigue Resistance Enhanced by Surface Severe Plastic Deformation and Shot Peening in a C-2000 Superalloy,” Mater. Sci. Eng., 527 [4-5] 986-994 (2010).

J. Wang and L. Shaw, “Nanocrystalline Hydroxyapatite with Simultaneous Enhancements in Hardness and Toughness,” Biomater., 30 [34] 6565-6572 (2009).

X. Wan, T. Markmaitree, W. Osborn, and L. Shaw, “Nanoengineering-Enabled Solid-State Hydrogen Uptake and Release in the LiBH4 plus MgH2 System,” J. Phys. Chem. C, 112, 18232-18243 (2008).

J. Wang and L. Shaw, “Morphology-Enhanced Low Temperature Sintering of Nanocrystalline Hydroxyapatite,” Adv. Mater., 19, 2364-2369 (2007).

J. Wang and L. Shaw, “Functionally Graded Materials via Inkjet Color Printing,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 89 [10] 3285-3289 (2006).

M. Wu and L. Shaw, “A Novel Concept of Carbon-Filled Polymer Blends for Applications of PEM Fuel Cell Bipolar Plates,” Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 30 [4] 373-380 (2005).

R.-M. Ren, Z.-G. Yang and L. Shaw, “Synthesis of Nanostructured Silicon Carbide through Integrated Mechanical and Thermal Activation Process,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 85 [4] 819-827 (2002).

L. Shaw, D. Goberman, R.-M. Ren, M. Gell, S. Jiang, Y. Wang, T. D. Xiao and P. Strutt, “The Dependency of Microstructure and Properties of Nanostructured Coatings on Plasma Spray Conditions,” Surf. Coat. Technol., 130, 1-8 (2000).