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ChBE Lecture: Adsorption of Gas and Liquid on Light Solid Sorbents

Event Date 

April 2, 2014 - 3:15pm to 4:30pm

Location 

Perlstein Hall Auditorium | Room 131
10 West 33rd Street, Chicago

Description 

Armour College of Engineering and Wanger Institute for Sustainable Energy Research (WISER) are proud to present a lecture by Jerry Y.S. Lin, Regents’ Professor at Arizona State University’s School for Engineering of Matter, Transport and Energy. Dr. Lin will present his lecture Adsorption of Gas and Liquid on Light Solid Sorbents.

Abstract:

Aerogels and metal organic frameworks are new groups of microporous porous materials with very different structure: one is amorphous and the other crystalline. However, one common feature of these two groups of materials is that they are highly porous with a low density. This talk will discuss some unique features of adsorption on these two groups of porous materials using experimental data of sorption of five volatile organic compounds from the vapor or liquid phase on hydrophobic silica aerogel granules, and diffusion carbon dioxide on MOF-5 crystals measured by different methods. The rate of adsorption on silica aerogels decreases in the order: pure liquid>liquid solution>vapor. Transient measurement of diffusion of gases in MFO-5 gives diffusivities much lower than that measured by the steady-state membrane diffusion method. Due to high porosity and low density, both the silica aerogels and MOF have much lower thermal conductivity than the conventional porous solids such as zeolites. The unusual adsorption results will be explained by a mathematical model considering both mass and heat transfer during the adsorption process. The results show the potential of these materials for liquid separation, but they also indicate the limitation of these materials as adsorbents for gas/vapor separation.

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